Conversely, More could be referring to the Homeric Odysseus, a pilgrim who journeyed for ten years in the barbaric wilderness, enduring the wrath of monsters and fickle gods in his attempt to return to home, family, and civilization.
But Plato judged right, that except kings themselves became philosophers, they who from their childhood are corrupted with false notions would never fall in entirely with the counsels of philosophers, and this he himself found to be true in the person of Dionysius.
In addition, there are no lawyers and the law is made deliberately simple, as all should understand it and not leave people in any doubt of what is right and wrong. Let him not rashly revive laws that are abrogated by disuse, especially if they have been long forgotten and never wanted.
When the time of harvest comes, the magistrates in the country send to those in the towns and let them know how many hands they will need for reaping the harvest; and the number they call for being sent to Utopia the only true commonwealth, they commonly despatch it all in one day.
I have met with these proud, morose, and absurd judgments of things in many places, particularly once in England.
This measurement makes one see the strengths and weaknesses between the two; as well as, their similarities. While I was there, among many that visited me, there was one that was more acceptable to me than any other, Peter Giles, born at Antwerp, who is a man of great honour, and of a good rank in his town, though less than he deserves; for I do not know if there be anywhere to be found a more learned and a better bred young man; for as he is both a very worthy and a very knowing person, so he is so civil to all men, so particularly kind to his friends, and so full of candour and affection, that there is not, perhaps, above one or two anywhere to be found, that is in all respects so perfect a friend: Privacy is not regarded as freedom in Utopia; taverns, ale-houses and places for private gatherings are non-existent for the effect of keeping all men in full view, so that they are obliged to behave well.
The jurisdiction of every city extends at least twenty miles, and, where the towns lie wider, they have much more ground. To this I would add that after all those warlike attempts, the vast confusions, and the consumption both of treasure and of people that must follow them, perhaps upon some misfortune they might be forced to throw up all at last; therefore it seemed much more eligible that the king should improve his ancient kingdom all he could, and make it flourish as much as possible; that he should love his people, and be beloved of them; that he should live among them, govern them gently and let other kingdoms alone, since that which had fallen to his share was big enough, if not too big, for him: And when a king must distribute all those extraordinary accessions that increase treasure beyond the due pitch, it makes him less disposed to oppress his subjects.
But though there is every year such a shifting of the husbandmen to prevent any man being forced against his will to follow that hard course of life too long, yet many among them take such pleasure in it that they desire leave to continue in it many years.
The name Raphael, though, may have been chosen by More to remind his readers of the archangel Raphael who is mentioned in the Book of Tobit 3: Another often cited apparent contradiction is that of the religious tolerance of Utopia contrasted with his persecution of Protestants as Lord Chancellor.
One proposes a league with the Venetians, to be kept as long as he finds his account in it, and that he ought to communicate counsels with them, and give them some share of the spoil till his success makes him need or fear them less, and then it will be easily taken out of their hands; another proposes the hiring the Germans and the securing the Switzers by pensions; another proposes the gaining the Emperor by money, which is omnipotent with him; another proposes a peace with the King of Arragon, and, in order to cement it, the yielding up the King of Navarre's pretensions; another thinks that the Prince of Castile is to be wrought on by the hope of an alliance, and that some of his courtiers are to be gained to the French faction by pensions.
In the same spirit, these letters also include a specimen of the Utopian alphabet and its poetry. Both societies have strengths and weaknesses.
Raphael says that through his teachings Christianity was beginning to take hold in Utopia. These husbandmen till the ground, breed cattle, hew wood, and convey it to the towns either by land or water, as is most convenient.
Such a king as this will be the terror of ill men, and will be beloved by all the good. To these things I would add that law among the Macarians—a people that live not far from Utopia—by which their king, on the day on which he began to reign, is tied by an oath, confirmed by solemn sacrifices, never to have at once above a thousand pounds of gold in his treasures, or so much silver as is equal to that in value.
If Utopia is a truely socialist state, then one can see that oppression is inescapable in either society.
In Utopia the oppression is derived not from the people but from the structure itself.Utopia Summary: Concerning the Best State of a Commonwealth and the New Island of Utopia More Meets Hythloday. The narrator, Thomas More, arrives in Bruges, in present-day Belgium, and meets his friend Peter Giles.
Raphael Hythloday: A well-traveled friend of Giles', who does not believe in the present system of government, but rather in that of Utopia, which he thinks is the only true commonwealth.
He lived in Utopia for five years, and describes every aspect of. What, in Raphael Hythloday's opinion, is the chief reason that Utopia should be considered the only true commonwealth?
There is no private business in Utopia, and thus everyone pursues the public welfare. Utopia The Only True Commonwealth Thomas More’s Utopia is a work of ambiguous dualities that forces readers to question More’s real view on the concept of a utopian society.
However, evidence throughout the novel suggests that More did intend Utopia to be the “best state of the commonwealth.”. Apr 08, · But Plato judged right, that except kings themselves became philosophers, they who from their childhood are corrupted with false notions would never fall in entirely with the counsels of philosophers, and this he himself found to be true in the person of Dionysius.
Utopia is an instructive call to return to the radical Christianity of Christ, to the purity and simplicity of His words, as the only way of saving mankind from ourselves. Thomas More’s Utopia remains one of the most puzzling and paradoxical treatises on the ideal state.
In order to elucidate More’s true ideas and judgments, an examination of Raphael Hythloday, the state of Utopia.Download